What leads to a blister on roof of mouth? Get to know the causes, behind two front teeth, water, blood, sore, abscess and swollen. Finally, how to get rid of them.
There are a number of blister on roof of mouth such that some can develop around or in the mouth. Some are painful, some are unsightly and some may be a sign of something more serious.
These blisters can appear on any of the soft tissues of the mouth, including the lips, cheeks, gums, tongue, and floor and roof of the mouth. You can even develop mouth blisters on your esophagus, the tube leading to the stomach.
Blister on Roof of Mouth Causes
Possible causes include:
These can appear in the following ways:
- Feeding or eating foods that are too hot can burn the delicate skin of your hard palate. This may cause blister on roof of mouth or pockets of burned skin.
- Eating hard foods, such as tortilla chips, hard candies, and firm fruits and vegetables, can hurt the roof of your mouth.
- Scratching the hard palate may lead to swelling and inflammation.
- Mouth sores
Before they become blisters, cold sores and canker sores they may cause swelling on the roof of your mouth. Stress and hormonal changes may trigger a canker sore. Many canker sores develop on your cheek or the gums near your teeth, but it’s not uncommon for them to appear on the roof of your mouth, too.
Herpes simplex virus causes cold sores. Most cold sores last about a week and disappear without treatment. Typically, cold sores appear on your lip, but they may crop up on your hard palate.
- Electrolyte imbalance
Controlling adequate electrolyte amount is very essential for proper body functions. When levels of electrolytes become too low or too high, you may experience any number of symptoms, including formation of a blister on roof of mouth.
- Alcohol use
Individual who drink large amount of alcohol and have a hangover the next day may notice swelling and discomfort in the roof of their mouths. Dehydration can cause dry mouth. Excessive dry mouth may lead to swelling or tenderness on the roof of your mouth.
- Mouth cancer
Swelling on the roof of your mouth may be a symptom of a serious health issue, such as oral cancer. Again, if swelling on the roof of the mouth is accompanied by abdominal tenderness, it could be a sign of hepatitis.
It is also known as oral thrush. It is a fungal infection that occurs in the mouth or throat due to an overgrowth of yeast. Symptoms include white spots inside the mouth or on the tongue, sore throat and difficulty swallowing.
Coxsackieviruses can cause a painful blister on roof of mouth and also red spots on the roof of the mouth, as well as on the hands and feet. It is most common in children under five years of age, but does occur in people of all ages.
- Cold sores
These sores occur in clusters of red, raised blisters outside the mouth typically around the lips, but they can develop under the nose or under the chin. They are highly contagious.
Blister behind two front teeth
- Canker Sores
A canker sore usually begins as a red spot or a blister on roof of mouth. It may produce a tingling or burning sensation before other symptoms appear. Canker sores are painful. Fortunately, most canker sores heal spontaneously in 7 to 10 days.
The exact cause of canker sores is not known. Genetics play a role. White cells (lymphocytes) in our immune system may affect the lining of the mouth causing these irritating, but harmless, sores. Fatigue, emotional stress, and certain foods can increase the possibility of a canker sore for some people. Even biting the inside of the cheek or tongue or chewing a sharp piece of food may trigger a canker sore.
- Cold Sores
They are caused by herpes virus Type 1 or Type 2 – are contagious. The initial infection (primary herpes), which often occurs before adulthood, may be confused with a cold or the flu. The infection can cause painful blister on roof of mouth, and some patients can be quite ill for a week. Most people who get infected with herpes do not get sick, however. Once a person is infected with herpes, the virus stays in the body, where it may remain inactive.
Unfortunately, in some people, the virus becomes activated periodically, causing the cold sore to appear on the lips or other sites. A variety of irritants (wind, sun, fever, stress) can cause a flare.
Cold sores usually heal in about a week. Once the blister breaks, an unsightly scab forms.
Leukoplakia is a white or gray patch that develops anywhere on the inside of the mouth. It is caused by excess cell growth of the lining of the mouth.
It is often a response to chronic irritation, such as smoking or smokeless tobacco (snuff, chewing tobacco), certain foods, cheek biting, irregular dental restorations or broken teeth. In some instances, a cause cannot be determined.
Leukoplakia patches develop slowly over a period of time. The blister on roof of mouth may eventually become rough. It typically is not sensitive or painful.
Erythroplakia is a red patch that may be found in any part of the mouth but is most common on the roof of the mouth or on the gum tissue behind the front teeth.
The cause is unknown but is most likely associated with smoking or other tobacco use and alcoholic beverages. Chronic irritation and poor nutrition may also be contributing factors.
Red lesions that do not heal in a week or two should be evaluated by your dentist. This applies even if you do not smoke or drink alcohol.
- Lichen Planus
Lichen planus is a disorder that involves a chronic, itchy, inflammatory rash or lesion on the skin or blister on roof of mouth. The lesions may consist of white spots or “lacelike” white changes. Lesions on the sides of the tongue, insides of the cheek and on the gums, may be tender or painful. Its cause is genetic and related to a chronic immune system reaction.
Lichen planus generally occurs during or after middle age. Lichen planus is not contagious and does not pose a high risk for becoming cancer. There is no cure, so treatment is for discomfort or pain. Rinses, ointments, or pills can be prescribed by your dentist, if needed. The diagnosis can be confirmed by biopsy and clinical characteristics.
- oral thrush or moniliasis
It produces creamy white and red patches or a blister on roof of mouth or that form on surfaces of the mouth. It can be painful and may cause bad breath and difficulty tasting and/or swallowing.
It occurs when the yeast Candida albicans reproduce in abnormally large numbers. For example, Candida may flourish after antibiotic treatment, when normal bacteria in the mouth have decreased, when the immune system is suppressed or when the mouth is dry (xerostomia).
- mouth cancer
It may appear on the lips, tongue, cheek lining, gums, roof of the mouth or floor of the mouth. Cigarettes and other tobacco products, including smokeless tobacco, are associated with 70 percent of oral cancer cases. Drinking alcoholic beverages can also increase your chances of having oral cancer.
Sore on Roof of Mouth Behind front Teeth
Factors that stimulate the condition include:
Blister on roof of mouth is sometimes just a burn, particularly after a hot meal. Hot drinks, like coffee or tea, can lead to similar burns. A burned palate usually heals by itself within three to seven days. To ease your discomfort in the meantime, stick to soft foods and cool drinks.
- Canker Sores
Canker sores often appear on inside the cheek, but don’t be surprised to feel them on the roof of your mouth as well. Canker sores are round, sensitive masses whose origins depend on the case. Researchers think these sores may be caused by problems with the immune system, and are therefore triggered through factors like stress, certain foods and hormonal changes.
Generally, people will get one to three canker sores per instance, but some may develop upwards of 10 or more sores at one time. These sores usually hurt for a little over a week, then disappear completely after two weeks. While you wait for your mouth to heal, you may benefit from eating bland foods to avoid irritating your sores.
- Cold Sores
A common growth caused by the herpes simplex virus, cold sores is usually found on the lips, but according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology, they can also be found on the hard palate. These sores present themselves as painful, fluid-filled blisters; the blisters later rupture and crust over as less-painful lesions.
Cold sores usually become crustier within four days of appearing, and will heal completely after eight to 10 days. While they’re healing, avoid touching or picking at them, just as you would for a scab.
- Oral Cancer
Sores on the roof of your mouth can sometimes be a symptom of oral cancer. If your dentist suspects a sore is cancerous, he or she will send you to an oral surgeon for an oral evaluation and perform a biopsy of the tissue. If cancer is found, treatment can start just as quickly.
This treatment often involves surgically removing the cancerous sore, and afterward, radiation or chemotherapy to be sure it doesn’t affect other cells.
- Tooth abscess
This develops when there is a bacterial infection in the nerve of the tooth. Symptoms of a tooth abscess include severe toothache with pain, sensitivity to hot and cold beverages or food, fever and swollen lymph nodes.
Abscess on roof of Mouth behind front Teeth
- Incisive Papilla
In case the blisters occur behind front teeth, it could be a sign of incisive papilla. These blisters on the roof of mouth are common. However, these blisters can get enlarged and you may need to see a medical practitioner to determine if your incisive papilla has enlarged or just suffered a temporary irritation.
- Smoking tobacco substances
Smoking, particularly when using a pipe or cigar, could result in a condition referred to as smoker’s palate or nicotine stomatitis, which is marked by some whitish blisters appearing in the palate. The blisters could be marked by a reddish depression occurring at the center.
- Dental problem
This condition is marked by caries occurring in upper jaw at times passing into root canal, causing the formation of abscess. Buildup of plaque and calculus as a result of bad oral hygiene may cause gum swelling around upper jaw. These gum swelling may occur as blisters on roof of mouth.
Blisters on roof of mouth could also be a sign of mucocele, which is marked by a lump that looks like a cyst but is usually harmless. The lump which develops in the mouth or palate can be a result of the blockage of salivary glands. In the normal circumstances, saliva usually drains from glands to mouth.
However, when an obstruction of the ducts occur, it gets stuck inside, causing a pool that leads to a soft and painless bump which is bluish, pearly or pliable in color. One of the major causes of the obstruction of salivary gland is frequent sucking or biting the inside of mouth.
- Torus Palatinus
The torus palatinus is marked by blisters occurring on the roof of the mouth. The growth should not be a source of concern as it is quite normal and cannot cause any harm. In most cases, this growth usually has a diameter of 2cm but the size can differ from one person to the other. It can also change over time. At times, this type of growth increases in size as the person grows older.
- Epstein Pearls
It is a blister on roof of mouth of newborns or very young kids. The blisters affect nearly 80 percent of kids and are usually normal, harmless and painless. Epstein Pearls are also known as gingival or palatal cysts and consist of yellowish or white blisters on roof of mouth or gums. There is no need to treat these blisters as they are harmless and will fade within a few weeks.
- Oral Cancer
When blisters occur in the palate without going away for a long period, it could be a sign of oral cancer. The condition can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early enough. The disease can also affect the tonsils, lips, cheeks, sinuses, roof of the mouth, floor of the mouth, glands, throat as well as tongue. Oral cancer can be marked by some dark and irregular lumps occurring in different parts of your mouth.
- Maxillary Sinus Growths
The maxilla bone occurs in the region of the upper jaw. Maxillary sinus cancer is marked by growth occurring in this bone leading to a swelling that protrudes through upper palate. This can also be seen as a blister on roof of mouth.
- Exostosis/Mandibular Torus
It is also known as mandibular torus, it causes blister on roof of mouth as well as the lower jaw’s tongue side. The condition is not only common but represents a blister on roof of mouth. This can easily be injured by hard or sharp food and such kind of injuries can cause painful sores or ulcers that can be difficult to heal as the area can get bruised and bumped when eating.
How to get rid of Blisters on Roof of Mouth
Home remedies include:
- Warm Salt Water
When the salt content around cells is greater on the outside than the inside osmosis takes place, with water being drawn from in the cells to help balance out the concentration. When water is drawn out, the painful puffiness that excess fluid in the blister on roof of mouth can cause is diminished.
It is produced by bacterial fermentation, which is, using bacteria or yeast to convert carbohydrates into organic acids. It’s a simple healthy remedy that may help because it balances out bacteria in your mouth which, if it was out of balance, may contribute to or cause a canker sore.
- Aloe Rinse
The gel from this magnificent plant wields mighty powers when it comes to soothing not just sunburn, but canker sores as well. Make sure you use natural gel-not the green kind.
It contains capsaicin, which is the same chemical constituent that makes it “hot.” Capsaicin can inhibit something called Substance P, which is responsible for mediating pain responses in the body.
- Wax Cap
Rubbing wax on the blisters on roof of mouth dentures those irritating blisters hence can help reduce irritating friction against the blisters and help speed up the healing time.
- Honey Rub
With its antibacterial, and potentially anti-inflammatory, properties, raw organic honey makes a wonderfully soothing coating for a blister on roof of mouth that is painful.
- Clove Oil
Clove oil contains eugenol, a potent painkiller, making the fluid in the blister on roof of mouth to come out thus promoting healing on your plate.
- Swish sage
Sage is an herb from the evergreen shrub, Salvia officinalis, in the mint family. It used widely in the culinary world, and has also been prevalent in homeopathic medicine and home remedies for years.
- Chamomile Tea Bag
Chamomile consists of several daisy-like plants that are most commonly used to induce sleep, promote relaxation, and help with digestion-it works a treat with cramping since it can help relax painful spasms in the digestive track. A chemical compound called bisabolol, or levomenol, is found naturally in German chamomile, and has been shown to reduce inflammation and also have antiseptic properties.
- DIY Numbing Spray
Peppermint and eucalyptus essential oil both have anti-inflammatory properties, while also possibly working as anti-microbial agents (thus reducing chance of infection.) astringents to help tighten the tissues around the wound, relieving further discomfort caused by swelling or potential fluid buildup. The cooling properties of both of these oils can also numb the nerve endings that are firing off.
Other treatment tips:
- Use NSAID Pain Relievers
One of the simplest ways to find relief is to take a couple of ibuprofen or acetaminophen NSAID pain relievers – according to package directions, of course.
This causes the inflammation that victims of mild burns know all too well. Over-the-counter pain relievers help reduce this swelling to deliver some relief, but make sure you always read the instructions and never take more than is advised.
- Swish with Antiseptics
Your mouth is naturally filled with bacteria that can cause infection and more subsequent pain, so using an antiseptic mouthwash is very important. An antiseptic mouthwash can reduce infection and ease pain to keep the affected area germ-free for faster healing.
- Apply Benzocaine
Benzocaine delivers numbing medicine straight to the source without aggravating the blister itself. Oral base also creates a protective shield that not only desensitizes, but also covers bad blisters so it’s less likely to become irritated by regular food and drink. Reapply according to package directions and you should be pain-free until your mouth fully heals.
- Eat Softly
Crunchy foods can become sharp when breaking them down in your mouth, irritating your blisters further. For a couple of days after a bad blister, it’s best to stick with soft, cold foods. Not only will this limit irritation, but cold foods like ice pops, yogurt and applesauce can help you find relief from the abrasive sensation on your tongue or hard palate.
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